English for All

Lesson 88: English - улучшение восприятия

In this lesson we'll learn:

  • New words
  • Text: About a boy (chapter 8)
  • Lesson 19 from radio station "VOA"

The new words of the lesson

bend1 [bend] - изгиб, гнуть, сгибать
headphone2 ['hedfəʊn] - наушник
introduction3 [intrə'dʌkʃn] - представление, введение, внедрение
leather4 ['leðə(r)] - кожа
softness5 ['sɒftnəs] - мягкость
subject6 ['sʌbdʒikt] - предмет
traffic7 ['træfik] - движение
attend8 [ə'tend] - посещать, присутствовать
compare9 [kəm'peə(r)] - сравнивать
silly10 ['sili] - глупый

1 - существительное bend означает изгиб чего-либо (тела, реки, дороги... ). Этот глагол является неправильным и имеет следующие формы: bent ([bent] ) и bent ([bent] ). Глагол bend используется в следующих смысловых оттенках:

  • "Гнуть, изгибать" что-либо. Если говорится "во" что изгибается предмет, то перед ним ставится предлог into:

  • I asked you to bend it into a U-shape. - Я просил тебя согнуть это в U-образную форму.
  • С предлогами over и down он означает "нагнуться, наклониться". Между этими двумя предлогами есть небольшое смысловое различие в данном контексте, но пока считайте их синонимами:

  • I bent down (over) to kiss your lips. - Я наклонился поцеловать твои губы.
  • Заставить подчиниться кого-либо. После него ставиться предлог to, если говорится перед кем склоняется субъект:

  • I cannot bend to you. - Я не могу подчиниться тебе.

2 - существительное headphone обычно используется во множественном числе: headphones.

3 - существительное introduction образовано от изученного ранее глагола introduce, и означает то же самое, что и глагол:

  • Формальное представление одного человека другому:

  • They waited for the introduction of each other. - Они ждали формального представления друг другу.
  • Внедрение, введение чего-либо нового:

  • The introduction of these buses lets us to give people better service. - Внедрение этих автобусов позволяет нам дать людям лучший сервис.
  • Введение, вступление к чему-либо:

  • If you want to start reading this book, at first you should read its introduction. - Если ты хочешь начать читать эту книгу, сначала тебе следует прочесть ее предисловие.

4 - хоть существительное leather и переводится на русский язык одинаково с изученным ранее словом skin, но в английском языке они имеют различное значение. Skin - это "кожа", которая покрывает тело любого объекта, а leather - это обработанная skin животных, которая в дальнейшем используется как материал в производстве:

These children have to save their skin from the sun. - Эти дети должны беречь свою кожу от солнца.
I buy only leather things. - Я покупаю только вещи из натуральной кожи.

5 - существительное softness образовано от изученного ранее прилагательного soft с помощью суффикса -ness, и означает что объект является мягким (физически или морально).

6 - раннее мы изучили слово object, которое очень похоже на существительное subject, их отличие такое же как и в русском языке слов объект и субъект. Субъект - осуществляет действие, а объект принимает действие. В английском языке это ярко выражено, так как одно из значений этих слов: object - дополнение, а subject - подлежащее (как члены предложения). Кроме того еще одно распространенное значение subject - это "предмет", который изучают ученики (математика, физика... ). Посмотрите примеры:

Every subject is looking for his goal in life. - Каждый субъект ищет свою цель в жизни.
The pupil can't find the subject in this long sentence. - Ученик не мог найти подлежащее в этом длинном предложение.
Which subjects do you have today? - Какие предметы у тебя сегодня?

7 - существительное traffic уже появилось в русском языке (трафик), и означает поток движения транспорта, товаров, информации, людей.

8 - глагол attend означает, что объект присутствует, посещает что-либо.Оно похоже на изученный ранее глагол visit. Их различие в использование найти порой очень сложно, пока используйте глагол attend к событиям, которые носят регулярный характер (различные учреждение). И помните, что после него не надо использовать предлог места, если вы говорите где вы присутствовали:

I attended your school - Я присутствовал в твоей школе.

9 - глагол compare значит "сравнивать, оценивать" что-либо "с" чем либо. При этом между объектами ставится логичный предлог with:

My friend and I compared this phone with the last one. - Мой друг и я сравнивали этот телефон с последним.

10 - прилагательное silly похоже на изученные ранее прилагательные stupid и foolish, но оно почти никогда не несет оскорбительного оттенка, а означает, что в действиях человека отсутствует смысл. Взгляните на часто встречаемое выражение: Oh! Don't be silly.

Look at these new words in sentences:

The introduction of these headphones doesn't give us any dollars
Внедрение этих наушников не дает нам ни доллара.
The seller have bent a bought piece of leather three time.
Продавец согнул купленный кусок кожи три раза.
It is silly to compare the traffic of your city with mine.
Это глупо сравнивать трафик движение твоего города с моим.
Why do you attended the theater without your wife?
Почему ты посещал театр без своей жены?
These subjects have already bent to me.
Эти субъекты уже подчинились мне.
People who use leather harm to nature.
Люди, которые использую кожу, вредят природе.
The businessman want to increase the traffic of his goods.
Бизнесмен хочет увеличить поток его товаров.
I attended your party.
Я присутствовал на твоей вечеринке.
The housewife always compared the softness of products in the supermarket.
Домохозяйка всегда сравнивала мягкость продуктов в супермаркете.
One of your headphones sounds too loudly.
Один из твоих наушников звучит слишком громко.
Oh, don't be silly. It's just a joke.
Не будь глупым. Это просто шутка.
The traffic of cars is slow here because of the sharp bend of the road.
Движение машин здесь медленное из-за резкого изгиба дороги.
I like the softness of the leather.
Мне нравится мягкость кожи.
My mother was wrong, I attended all subjects this week.
Моя мама ошибалась, я посещал все предметы на этой неделе.
The introduction of the new road will definitely increase the speed of the traffic in the city.
Введение новой дороги определенно увеличит скорость трафика в городе.
The student bent down to climb a fallen pen.
Студент нагнулся поднять упавшую ручку.
Everyone uses his softness.
Все используют его мягкость.
Don't dare to compare me with your former boyfriend.
Не смей сравнивать меня со своим бывшим парнем.
I will never attend the hospital again.
Я никогда не посещу больницу снова.
The teacher asked his pupils to find all subjects in the text.
Учитель попросил его учеников найти все подлежащие в тексте.
I can't understand such a big traffic of information at once.
Я не могу понять такой большой трафик информации сразу.

Now, you continue reading the text.

Text: About a boy (chapter 8)

Chapter 8: Falling in love

Will met a woman called Rachel at a party on New Year's Eve and fell in love with her. He'd never wanted to fall in love because he'd always thought of it as a very unpleasant experience.

He had watched it happen to friends and had seen them lose weight and sleep and become unhappy. He was sure that Rachel was going to make him very unhappy because he didn't think she would find him interesting.

Rachel was beautiful and intelligent and she did drawings for children's books. She sat down next to Will at dinner and asked him questions, but he couldn't think of anything to say. Most people at the party worked in television or had other interesting jobs, but Will didn't have a job and he hadn't done anything interesting with his life. He watched Countdown and drove around listening to Nirvana.

The most interesting thing about his life, Will suddenly realized, was Marcus. He could see that Rachel was quickly losing interest in him. She had begun to talk to the person sitting on her other side and they were having a conversation about pop music. Rachel was saying that to her Nirvana sounded just like the sixties group Led Zeppelin.

"I know a twelve-year-old boy who would kill you for saying that," said Will. It wasn't true, of course. Marcus had only just started listening to Nirvana, and he didn't know anything about Led Zeppelin. But Rachel was interested.

"So do I," she said. "Maybe they should meet. What's yours called?"

He's not mine exactly, Will thought. "Marcus."

"Mine's Ali."

"Right."

"And is Marcus's mother here tonight?"

"Ummm... " Will looked up and down the table. "No."

It wasn't a lie! Fiona wasn't there.

"You're not spending New Year's Eve with her?"

"No. We... er... don't live together." This wasn't a lie either. He didn't live with Fiona, he had never lived with Fiona and he never intended to live with her in the future. "How about Ali's dad?"

"He lives in America."

"Right."

Rachel started to talk about Ali's father and Will listened. He was very good at listening when a woman told him how badly her ex-husband had behaved. He had heard the same story many times from the women in SPAT.

At midnight Will and Rachel kissed, and at half-past twelve, just before Rachel left, they arranged for Marcus and Ali to meet and compare computer games and CDs.

Now Will had a problem. He had allowed Rachel to believe that he had a twelve-year-old son because it made him more interesting. He was going to have to talk to Marcus, and he knew the conversation would be difficult. So he took Marcus out to a place full of video machines.

"I want you to pretend to be my son," he said.

"But why?" asked Marcus. "I don't understand."

"Because I've met a woman who thinks you're my son."

"Why don't you tell her I'm not your son?"

"No."

"Why not? I'll tell her if you like. I don't mind."

"That's very kind of you, Marcus, but it wouldn't help."

Marcus was busy playing one of the video games. "Why not? I don't understand."

"Marcus, listen. I'm really interested in this woman. I let her believe you were my son because that's the only reason she might be interested in me."

"What do you mean, you're really interested in her? Why is she so interesting?"

"I fancy this woman, Marcus. I want to go out with her. I want her to be my girlfriend."

At last Marcus turned away from the video machine and looked at Will, his eyes shining. "Really?"

"Yes, really." Will wanted Rachel to be his wife, his lover, the centre of his world.

"How do you know you want her to be your girlfriend?"

"I don't know. I just feel it."

"Oh," said Marcus. "Well, I feel the same about Ellie. I want her to be my girlfriend."

"You want Ellie to be your girlfriend? Not just a friend?"

"Well," said Marcus, "I want to be with her all the time. And I want to tell her things before I tell anyone, even you or mum. And I don't want her to have another boyfriend."

So Marcus agreed to help Will. Will called Rachel and Rachel invited them to lunch the following Saturday. Marcus came round to Will's flat just after midday. He was wearing the hairy jumper that he got from Fiona for Christmas and a pair of bright yellow trousers. Will looked cool: he was wearing his favourite shirt and a black leather jacket.

"Listen," said Marcus in the car on the way over to Rachel's place. "If you're my dad, you should know some things about me. When's my birthday?"

"I don't know."

"August the nineteenth. And what's my favourite food?"

"Tell me."

"Pizza. And where did I go on my first trip abroad?"

"France."

"No, Spain. And who's my mum?"

"What?" The question was such an important one that Will couldn't think what to say. "Your mum's your mum."

"So you were married to my mum and then you separated."

"Are you worried about that? Am I?"

The questions seemed so silly that both Marcus and Will began to laugh. They laughed and laughed, and couldn't stop. Rachel lived in a tall, thin house full of books and old furniture and photographs. It had a warm, welcoming feel, very different from Will's cool modern flat.

"Come in, both of you," Rachel said. "Come and meet Ali." She shouted up the stairs: "Ali!" No reply. "ALI!" Still no reply. She looked at Will. "He's got his headphones on. Shall we go up?"

They went upstairs. Ali's bedroom was typical of a twelve-year-old boy, with large pictures of singers and sexy actresses on the wall. Ali was bent over his computer with his headphones on, and didn't hear them come in. His mother touched him on the shoulder and he jumped.

"Oh, hi. Sorry." Ali stood up and Will immediately saw that Ali and Marcus were very different. Ali was cool, with fashionable boots and trousers, long hair and even an earring. His face seemed to darken when he saw Marcus's yellow trousers and hairy jumper.

"Marcus - Ali, Ali - Marcus," said Rachel. "Do you guys want to stay up here?"

Marcus looked at Will. "Yes," he said, and for a moment Will loved him.

"OK," said Ali, but he didn't sound very enthusiastic.

Marcus knew the lunch with Rachel was very important to Will, and he wanted to help as much as possible. He also thought that if he helped Will with Rachel, then Will might help him with Ellie. But Ali never gave him a chance.

"It isn't going to happen," he said when Rachel and Will had gone downstairs.

"No?" said Marcus, although he didn't know what Ali was talking about.

"If your dad goes out with my mum, you're dead."

"Oh, he's all right," said Marcus.

Ali stared at him. "I don't care if he's all right. I don't want him going out with my mum. So I don't want to see you or him round here ever again, OK?"

"Can I use the computer? What games have you got?" Marcus said, trying to change the subject.

"Are you listening to me?"

"Yes, but... I'm not sure there's very much I can do at the moment. We've come for lunch, and Will... that's my dad, but I call him Will... he's talking to your mum downstairs and he's really keen on her, and who knows? She might be keen on him, so ..."

"SHE'S NOT KEEN ON HIM!" Ali suddenly shouted.

"SHE'S ONLY KEEN ON ME!"

Marcus was beginning to realize that Ali was crazy, and he wasn't sure what to do about it. He thought it would be dangerous to stay in Ali's room. He could go downstairs and join Will and Rachel, but he would have to explain that Ali was crazy, and that would be really embarrassing. He decided to run downstairs and out of the front door, and get a bus home.

He was standing at a bus stop when Will drove up beside him and told him to get into the car.

"What are you doing?" asked Will angrily. "What happened upstairs?"

"Ali's crazy. He said he'd kill me if you went out with Rachel. And I believed him. He's really frightening. Where are we going now?"

It was raining now and the streets were full of traffic and people out shopping. Everywhere Marcus looked, there were people with long, wet hair.

"Back to Rachel's."

"I don't want to go back there. She'll think I'm stupid."

"She won't. She thought something like this might happen. She said Ali could be difficult sometimes. Anyway, he's crying like a three-year-old child."

"Really?" Suddenly Marcus felt better. He was quite happy to go back to Rachel's, he decided.

"Ali has got something to say to you, Marcus," said Rachel when they walked in.

"Sorry, Marcus," said Ali. "I didn't mean to say those things."

Marcus wasn't sure if he believed Ali. How could you say that you were going to kill someone by mistake? But Ali was crying, and that made Marcus feel generous.

"That's OK, Ali," he said.

Rachel made Ali and Marcus shake hands.

"Ali finds this kind of thing very difficult," she said.

Will smiled. "It's OK," he said gently, and Rachel looked at him and smiled back. Suddenly Marcus could see why nice, attractive women like Rachel and Suzie might like Will. He had a way of looking at them that he had never used on Marcus - there was something in his eyes, a kind of softness. Would Ellie like him if he did that? She'd probably hit him.

"My last boyfriend was... anyway, he and Ali didn't like each other. I'm sorry, I'm not comparing you to him. I have no idea whether... I mean, I don't know, I just thought on New Year's Eve... oh, this is so embarrassing. It's all your fault, Ali. We shouldn't have to talk about this now."

"It's OK," said Marcus brightly. "Will really fancies you. He told me."

intelligent [in'telidʒənt] -
умный




pop [pɒp] -
популярная (музыка)



























ex [ekx] -
бывший


CD [Si Di] - СИ Ди




















fancy ['fænsi] -
воображать
(здесь "желать")
















midday [mid'dei] -
полдень







pizza ['pi:tsə] -
пицца
abroad [əb'rɔ:d] -
за границей

Spain [spein] -
Испания






furniture ['fε:(r)nitʃə(r)] -
мебель



typical ['tipicəl] -
типичный
sexy ['seksi] -
сексуальный









enthusiastic [inθju:zi'æstik] -
востроженный
















keen [ki:n] - сильно желающий





































_______________________________________________

Lesson 19 from radio station "VOA"

In the next English USA lesson, Martin Learner attends a family reunion (воссоединение) in rural (['rʊərəl] - сельский) America. You will learn to understand introductions of family members and answer questions about your family.

This is English USA, on the Voice of America. Now, Lesson 19, Part 1:

Martin: Why do you have the family reunion, Mr. Kessler?

Chuck: We have a large farm. We have a large house too.

Martin: Is the family reunion very large?

Chuck: We have thirty or forty families. Have you met my wife, Martin?

Martin: No, I haven't. Good morning, Mrs. Kessler.

Yvonne: Call me Yvonne. I'm happy to meet you. You're a reporter.

Martin: Yes, I am. I want to meet these men and women.

Yvonne: We have about forty men and women.

Chuck: We have about sixty children.

Yvonne: It's a large reunion.

Chuck: Come meet some Kesslers.

Martin: Are these men and women all Kesslers?

Chuck: Some are married to Kesslers. This is my father.

Martin: Hello, Mr. Kessler.

Father: Hello. Are you a Kessler?

Martin: No, I'm not. I'm Martin Learner. I'm a reporter.

Father: Have you met my wife?

Martin: Hello, Mrs. Kessler. I'm happy to meet you. What do you do Mrs. Kessler?

Mother: I'm a housewife.

Martin: Do you have more children?

Mother: Only two. We have two daughters and one son.

Martin: Where do they live?

Mother: Our son, Chuck, lives here, of course. One daughter lives in St. Louis ([seint lʊi] - Сент-Луис). One daughter lives in Fargo ([fa:(r)gəʊ] - Фарго).

Martin: What do you do, Mr. Kessler?

Father: I'm a salesman ([seilzmən] - продавец).

Martin: What do you sell?

Father: I sell seed corn ([si:d] - семя) ([kɔ:(r)n] - кукуруза).

Martin: I'm happy to meet you. Excuse me. I want to meet more Kesslers.

Martin: Hello. I'm Martin Learner. Are you a Kessler?

Karen: Of course. I'm Karen Kessler. This is my sister.

Kendra: I'm Kendra. How are you?

Martin: Fine thanks.

Karen: Are you married to a Kessler?

Martin: No, I'm not.

Kendra: Are you married?

Martin: Yes, I am.

Karen: What do you do?

Martin: I'm a reporter. May I ask you some questions?

Karen: OK.

Martin: Do you have any brothers?

Karen: No, I have only my sister.

Martin: Are you married?

Karen: No, I'm not. Kendra is married.

You can point members of your family with the sentence "I have" and the term (термин) for the family member. Listen to these sentences:

Martin: Do you have a wife?

Chuck: Yes, I have a wife.

Martin: Do you have children?

Mother: We have two daughters and one son.

Martin: Do you have any brothers?

Karen: No, I have only my sister.

Can you answer questions about your family? Answer "yes, I have" and name the family member" or "no, I haven't (don't)" .

Martin: Do you have a brother?

You: (Yes, I have a (two, tree...) brother(s)/No, I haven't (or don't))

Martin: Do you have a sister?

You: (Yes, I have a (two, tree...) sister(s)/No, I haven't (or don't))

Martin: Do you have a son?

You: (Yes, I have a (two, tree...) son(s)/No, I haven't (or don't))

Martin: Do you have a daughter?

You: (Yes, I have a (two, tree...) daughter(s)/No, I haven't (or don't))

Martin: Who is your father?

Karen: That man.

Martin: Chuck? We've met. Kendra, do you have children?

Kendra: No, I don't. Do you have children?

Martin: Yes, I do.

In the second part of the English USA lesson, Martin is introduced to several members of a family. You will learn to answer questions about your family.

This is English USA, on the Voice of America. Now, Lesson 19, Part 2:

Kendra: Come with me, Martin. Meet my aunt.

Martin: Excuse me, Karen.

Karen: Goodbye.

Kendra: This is my aunt. Aunt Geraldine.

Gerald: Is he a Kessler?

Kendra: No, he isn't.

Martin: I'm Martin Learner.

Gerald: Hello.

Kendra: He's a reporter.

Gerald: I'm happy to meet you.

Martin: Thank you. Do you have a family?

Gerald: Of course. I have Kendra. I'm her aunt. And Karen. Karen is Kendra's sister.

Martin: We've met. I've met your brother too.

Gerald: You've met Chuck? Have you met his wife?

Martin: Yes, I have.

Gerald: I have a sister too.

Martin: Is she here?

Gerald: Yes.

Martin: Is your husband here?

Gerald: Yes.

Martin: Is your sister married?

Gerald: Yes.

Martin: Is her husband here?

Gerald: No, he isn't. He's working.

Martin: What do you do?

Gerald: My husband and I have a small business.

Kendra: This is my aunt. Aunt Maxine.

Martin: Hello. How are you?

Maxine: Fine thanks. How are you?

Martin: Fine thanks.

Maxine: Kendra, where is your mother?

Kendra: I don't know.

Maxine: Is she with your father?

Kendra: I don't know.

Maxine: Please go look for her.

Kendra: Excuse me, Martin.

Maxine: Is your family here?

Martin: No, they aren't. They're in Baltimore ([bɔ:ltimɔ:(r)]).

Maxine: Oh, is your home in Baltimore?

Martin: Yes, it is.

Maxine: I have an uncle in Baltimore.

Karen: Martin, is your wife here?

Martin: No, she isn't. She's in Baltimore. Our home is in Baltimore.

Karen: Do you have any children?

Martin: Yes, I do. I have one boy and one girl.

Karen: How old is the boy?

Martin: He's seventeen years old. My daughter is fourteen years old.

Karen: Do you live in a house?

Martin: No, we don't. We live in an apartment. Where do you live?

Karen: I live with my mother and father.

Martin: Where is Kendra's home?

Karen: It's in town. She lives in an apartment.

Can you answer questions about your family and where you live?

Martin: Where do you live?

You: (I live in a town/city/village/country)

Martin: Do you live in an apartment?

You: (Yes, I do/No, I don't)

Martin: Are you married?

You: (Yes, I am/No, I am not)

Martin: Do you have a brother?

You: (Yes, I have a (two, tree...) brother(s)/No, I haven't (or don't))

Martin: Do you have an aunt?

You: (Yes, I have a (two, tree...) aunt(s)/No, I haven't (or don't))

Martin: May I ask some more questions about your family?

Karen: Yes.

Martin: I met two aunts. They are your father's sisters?

Karen: That's right.

Martin: Do you have uncles?

Karen: I have only one uncle.

Martin: And I met your grandparents. They are your father's parents.

Karen: That's right.

Martin: Do you have more grandparents?

Karen: Yes, I do. My mother's parents are living too.

Martin: Where do they live?

Karen: They live in Florida ([flɒridə] - Флорида) now. They lived here. Grandfather was a farmer.

Martin: What do you do? Are you a farmer?

Karen: No, I'm not. I work in town. I'm a secretary.

Remember the words of the previous lesson:

structure - структура (['strʌktʃə(r)])
quiz - опрос, векторина, проверять знания ([qwiz])
project - проект (['prɒdʒekt])
vegetarian - вегетарианец, вегетарианский ([vedʒi'teəriən])
relax - расслабляться ([ri'læks])
material - материал ([mə'tiriəl])
supermarket - супермаркет (['su:pə(r)ma:(r)kit])
base - база, базировать ([beis])
union - союз (['ju:niən])
natural - естественный, природный (['nætʃrəl])
nature - природа (['neitʃə(r)])

Repeat the words of this lesson:

leather - кожа (['leðə(r)])
traffic - движение (['træfik])
compare - сравнивать ([kəm'peə(r)])
bend - изгиб, гнуть, сгибать ([bend])
introduction - представление, введение, внедрение ([intrə'dʌkʃn])
subject - предмет (['sʌbdʒikt])
silly - глупый (['sili])
headphone - наушник (['hedfəʊn])
softness - мягкость (['sɒftnəs])
attend - посещать, присутствовать ([ə'tend])

The new verbs of this lesson are attend, bend and compare. If you are ready, you can start the next lesson.

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